The following primary accounts document how Union soldiers in the trans-Mississippi celebrated Independence Day; their Confederate counterparts apparently ignored the holiday. Some Union soldiers in
“The next day was that popularly-supposed-to-be-ever-glorious institution, the Fourth of July, and as the men laid down their sore and wearied bodies, they fondly dreamed of a holiday and rest on the morrow. About 3 A.M., the roll of drums awoke them to ‘celebrate,’ which they did by striking their tents in double quick, packing up their baggage, and then making tracks towards the inevitable southwest. All day long we ‘celebrated’ by marching ahead amid clouds of dust and beneath a sun what would broil a mackerel; ‘celebrated’ by limping wearily along at the rate of three miles an hour; ‘celebrated’ by cursing the heat, the dust, Claib.
Banasik, Michael E., ed.
“The ‘glorious Fourth’ was celebrated in this place yesterday by the
Masich, Andrew E. The Civil War in
“At sunrise a salute by the thirty-two pounders of
Potter, James E. and Edith Robbins, eds. Marching With The First
“To-day being the 4th, or Independence Day, a national salute of thirty-four guns was fired this morning at sunrise, by